Dr. Feng Zhu

Feng Zhu, Ph.D.

Associate Research Professor
Hopkins Extreme Materials Institute (HEMI)
Johns Hopkins University
3400 N. Charles Str, Baltimore, MD 21218


Prof. Feng Zhu performs research and teaching in the areas of impact mechanics, trauma biomechanics and injury prevention, safety of transportation systems, and AI in mechanical design. He is holding adjunct appointments with the Department of Mechanical Engineering and the Ralph S. O’Connor Sustainable Energy Institute. Prof. Zhu is an author of 1 book and over 100 technical papers. He serves as an editorial board member or guest editor for several international journals. His research has been funded by government agencies as well as defense and automotive industry.

1. Applied impact mechanics and protective technology

* Composite structures under extreme loading conditions
* Energy absorption of architectured materials


2. Traumatic biomechanics

* Blast and impact effect on the human body
* Human body digital twins
* Strain rate dependent properties of biological tissues


3. AI-driven safety product design

Energy storage system; electric and self-driving vehicles; personal protective equipment etc.

  • B.Eng. (2001), Central South University, Changsha, China
  • M.Phil. (2004), University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
  • Ph.D. (2008), Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia
Sep. 2003 Dec. 2004 Tutor; Research Assistant Department of Mechanical Engineering
The University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong, China
May 2005 May 2008 Tutor; Research Assistant
Structural Impact Lab
Swinburne University of Technology
Melbourne, VIC, Australia
May 2008 Feb. 2009 Postdoctoral Fellow
Mar. 2009 Dec. 2012 Research Fellow
Automotive Safety Center
Wayne State University
Detroit, MI, USA
Jan. 2013 Aug. 2015 Assistant Professor – Research
Aug. 2015 Dec. 2019 Assistant Professor Department of Mechanical Engineering
Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University
Daytona Beach, FL, USA
Jun. 2017 Sep. 2020 Visiting Researcher Department of Mechanical Engineering
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Cambridge, MA, USA
Dec. 2019 Now Associate Research Professor Hopkins Extreme Materials Institute
Johns Hopkins University
Baltimore, MD, USA
Feb. 2020 Now Associate Research Professor
(adjunct appointment)
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Johns Hopkins University
Baltimore, MD, USA
  • Member – SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers)
  • Member – SAE Occupant Protection Committee
  • Member – ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers)
  • Member – International Society of Impact Engineering
  • 2018 SAE World Congress Outstanding Presentation Award
  • 2019 SAE Forest R. McFarland Award
Introduction to Solid Mechanics UG Tutorial 2006 2008
Swinburne University of Technology (Australia)
CAD/CAM UG Lab 2007 2007
Experimental Stress Analysis and Finite Element Method UG Lab 2006 2008
Introduction to Biomechanics UG Lecture/Tutorial 2013 2015
Wayne State University
Introduction to Blast Injuries PG Lecture/Lab 2014 2015
Dynamics UG Lecture 2015 2019
Embry-Riddle Aero. University
Engineering Materials Science UG Lecture 2018 2019
Structural Crashworthiness and Impact Mechanics PG Lecture 2015 2019
Vehicle Safety Design & Occupant Protection PG Lecture 2016 2019

Journal editorial services

  • Lead Guest Editor, Special Issue “Computational Modeling of Trauma Injury”, In: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine, 2015.
  • Guest Editor, Special Issue “Design, Analysis and Assessment of Energy Absorbers”, In: Advances in Mechanical Engineering, 2016.
  • Editorial board member, Energies, 2021-.
  • Editorial board member, International Journal of Applied Mechanics, 2022-.


Technical paper review services

  • Advanced Composite Materials
  • Advances in Structural Engineering
  • AIMS Materials Science
  • Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
  • BioResearch
  • Chinese Journal of Traumatology (English Edition)
  • Composites, Part B: Engineering
  • Composite Structures
  • Composites Science and Technology
  • Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
  • Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
  • Concussion
  • Defence Technology
  • Energies
  • Energy Science and Engineering
  • Engineering Computations
  • Engineering Structures
  • Explosion and Shock Waves
  • Frontiers in Future Transportation
  • International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
  • International Journal of Heavy Vehicle Systems
  • International Journal of Impact Engineering
  • International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering
  • International Journal of Mechanical Sciences
  • International Journal of Protective Structures
  • International Journal of Vehicle Design
  • International Journal of Vehicle Safety
  • Journal of Automobile Engineering, Proc. IMechE, Part D
  • Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, ASME Transactions
  • Journal of Engineering in Medicine, Proc. IMechE, Part H
  • Journal of Engineering Mechanics, ASCE Transactions
  • Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance
  • Journal of Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
  • Journal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology
  • Key Engineering Materials
  • Knowledge-Based Systems
  • Materials
  • Materials & Design
  • Mathematical Problems in Engineering
  • Mechanics of Advanced Materials and Structures
  • Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
  • Medical Science Monitor
  • Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures
  • Natural hazards (NHAZ)
  • SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) technical papers
  • SAE International Journal of Materials and Manufacturing
  • SAE International Journal of Transportation Safety
  • Safety
  • Science and Engineering of Composite Materials
  • Sensors
  • Shock and Vibration
  • Shock waves
  • The Scientific World Journal
  • Traffic Injury Prevention


  1. Wang Z, Zhu F and Zhao LM. Dynamic behavior and application of sandwich structures with cellular metal cores. Beijing: The Ordnance Industry Press, 2010. ISBN: 978-7-80248-524-2. (In Chinese)

Book Chapters

  1. Zhu F, Saif T, Presley BR and Yang KH. “Mechanical behavior of biological tissues at high strain rates”. In: Military injury biomechanics: The cause and prevention of impact and acceleration injuries, Taylor & Francis, 2017.
  2. Zhu F, “Finite element modelling of blast wave and its effect on the brain”, In: Basic Finite Element Method as Applied to Injury Biomechanics, Elsevier, 2018.
  3. Yang KH, Mao H, Wagner C, Zhu F, Chou CC and King AI, “Modeling of the Brain for Injury Prevention” in Biomechanics of Brain, Bilston L (ed.), New York: Springer-Verlag, 2010.


Peer reviewed journal papers

  1. Zhu F, Zhou R, Sypeck D, Deng J, Bae C. Failure behavior of prismatic Li-ion battery cells under abuse loading condition – A combined experimental and computational study. Journal of Energy Storage, 2022; 48: 103969.
  2. Du X, Jiang B, Zhu F. A new method for vehicle system safety design based on data mining with uncertainty modeling, Engineering Structures, 2021; 247: 113184.
  3. Gao W, Bai Z, Zhu F, Chou CC, Jiang B. A study on the cyclist head kinematic responses in electric-bicycle-to-car accidents using decision-tree model. Accident Analysis and Prevention, in press.
  4. Zhu F, Zhou R, and Yang Z, Machine Learning Based Design of Open Cell Foams for Crash Energy Absorption – A Pilot Study, SAE Int. J. Advances & Curr. Prac. in Mobility 2021; 3(3):1441-1449.
  5. Du X, Xu H, Zhu F. Understanding the effect of hyperparameter optimization on machine learning models for structure design problems, Computer-aided Design, 2021; 135: 103013.
  6. Du X, Xu H, Zhu F. A data mining method for structure design with uncertainty in design variables, Computers and Structures, 2021; 244: 106457. 
  7. Zhu F, Zhou R, Sypeck DJ. Numerical Modeling and Safety Design for Lithium‐Ion Vehicle Battery Modules Subject to Crush Loading, Energies, 2021, 14, 118.
  8. Zhu F, Du X, Lei J et al.. Experimental Study on the Crushing Behavior of Lithium-ion Battery Modules. International Journal of Crashworthiness2020, doi:10.1080/13588265.2020.1766397.
  9. Jiang B, Ren H, Zhu F, Chou CC, Bai Z. A primary study on the restraint system of self-driving car. SAE International Journal of Advances and Current Practices in Mobility, 2020; 2(4): 2401-2410. Paper number:  2020-01-1333.
  10. Lei J, Li L, Wang Z, Zhu F. Characterizing Strain Rate-Dependent Mechanical Properties for Bovine Cortical Bones. Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Transactions of ASME, 2020; 142: 9.
  11. Du X, Deng Y, Zhang G, Cao L, and Zhu F. Conceptual design and evaluation of a novel bilateral pretension seatbelt: a computational study, International Journal of Crashworthiness, 2019; DOI: 10.1080/13588265.2019.1602972
  12. Shen M, Liu S, Jin X, Mao H, Zhu F, Saif T, Zhou R, Fan H, Begeman P, Chou CC, King H. Yang.Porcine growth plate experimental study and estimation of human pediatric growth plate properties. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 2020, 101: 1-11.
  13. Du X and Zhu F. A novel principal components analysis (PCA) method for energy absorbing structural design enhanced by data mining, Advances in Engineering Software, 2019; 127: 17-27.
  14. Bai Z, Sun K, Zhu F, Cao L, Hu J, Chou CC, Jiang B. Crashworthiness optimal design of a new extruded octagonal multi-cell tube under dynamic axial impact. International Journal of Vehicle Safety, 2018; 10(1): 40-57.
  15. Du X, Zhu F. A new data-driven design methodology for mechanical systems with high dimensional design variables. Advances in Engineering Software, 2018; 117: 18-28.
  16. Du X, Dori A, Divo, E, Huayamave V, Zhu F. Modeling the Motion of Small Unmanned Aerial System (sUAS) due to Ground Collision, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H, Journal of Aerospace Engineering, 2018; 232(10): 1961-1970.
  17. Zhu F, Lei J, Du X et al. Crushing behavior of vehicle battery pouch cell and module: A Combined Experimental and Theoretical Study, SAE International Journal of Materials and Manufacturing, 2018; Paper ID: 2018-01-1446.
  18. Jiang B, Cao L, Zhu F. Dynamic tensile behavior of polypropylene with temperature effect. Composites Part B, 2018; 152: 300-304.
  19. Lei J, Zhu F, Jiang B, Wang Z. Underbody blast effect on the pelvis and lumbar spine: A computational study. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 2018; 79: 9-19.
  20. Kalra A, Zhu F, Feng K, Saif T, Kallakuri SS, Jin X, Yang KH. Development and validation of a numerical model of the swine head subjected to open-field blasts. Shock Waves, 2017; 27(6), pp 947–964.
  21. Wang Z, Zhao H, Liu JM, Chao R, Chen TB, Tan LW, Zhu F, Zhao JH, Liu P. Biomechanics of anterior plating failure in treating distractive flexion injury in the caudal subaxial cervical spine. Clinical Biomechanics. 2017. 50:130-138.
  22. Lei J, Dong P, Li Z, Zhu F, Wang Z, Cai X. Biomechanical analysis of the fixation systems for anterior column and posterior hemi-transverse acetabular fractures. Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica. 2017; 51(3): 248-253.
  23. Jiang B, Zhu F, Cao L, Yang KH. Computational study of fracture characteristics in infant skulls using a simplified finite element model. Journal of Forensic Sciences. 2017; 62(1): 39-49.
  24. Du X, Zhu F, Chou CC. A new data-driven design method for thin-walled vehicular structures under crash loading, SAE Journal of Transportation Safety, 2017; Paper no. 2017-01-1463.
  25. Wang Z, Lu G, Zhu F, Zhao L. Load-carrying capacity of circular sandwich plates at large deflection, Journal of Engineering Mechanics, 2017; 04017057-1-12.
  26. Zhou Z, Jiang B, Cao L, Zhu F, Mao H, Yang KH. Numerical simulations of the 10-year-old head response in drop impacts and compression tests. Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine. 2016; 131: 13-25.
  27. Zhu F, Kalra A, Saif T, Yang Z, Yang KH and King AI. Parametric analysis of the biomechanical response of head subjected to the primary blast loading – a data mining approach, Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, 2016; 19(10): 1053-1059.
  28. Zhu F, Gatti D, Yang KH. Nodal versus total axonal strain and the role of cholesterol in traumatic brain injury, Journal of Neurotrauma, 2016; 33(9): 859-870.
  29. Zhao H, Zhu F, The biomechanical mechanism of primary blast brain injury, Journal of Trauma Surgery, 2016; 18(5): 305-308. (In Chinese)
  30. Zhu F, Jiang B, Hu J, Wang Y, Shen M and Yang KH. Computational modeling of traffic related thoracic injury of a 10-year-old child using subject-specific modeling technique. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 2016; 44:258-271.
  31. Zhao H, Yin ZY, Li K, Liao Z, Xiang H, Zhu F. Mechanical characterization of immature porcine brainstem in tension at dynamic strain rates, Medical Science Monitor, 2016; 22: 6-13.
  32. Zhu F, Dong L, Jing B, Jin X, Kalra A, Shen M and Yang KH. Testing and modeling the responses of Hybrid-III crash-dummy lower extremities under high-speed vertical loading, Stapp Car Crash Journal, 2015, 59: 521-536.
  33. Kalra A, Saif T, Shen M, Jin X, Zhu F, Begmen P, Yang KH. Characterization of human rib biomechanical responses due to three-point bending, Stapp Car Crash Journal, 2015, 59: 113-130.
  34. Zhu F, Chou CC, Cao L. Computational modeling of the trauma injury, Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine, 2015Article ID 679525.
  35. Shen M, Zhu F, Mao H, Fan H, Mone N, Sanghavi V, Jin X, Kalra A, Chou CC and Yang KH. Finite Element Modeling of 10 Year-Old Child Pelvis & Lower Extremities with Growth Plates for Pedestrian Protection, International Journal of Vehicle Safety, 2015; 8(3): 263-286.
  36. Fan Y, Lei J, Zhu F, Li Z, Chen WY and Liu X. Biomechanical analysis of the fixation system for T-shaped acetabular fracture, Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine, Article ID 370631, 2015.
  37. Zhu F, Chou CC, Yang KH and King AI. On the pilot development of a new biomechanical indicator for primary blast-induced brain injury. Chinese Journal of Traumatology (English Edition), 2015, 10.1016/j.cjtee.2014.10.001.
  38. Jia T, Xing L, Zhu F, Jin X, Liu L, Tao J, Chen Y, Gao Z and Zhang H. Minimally invasive treatment of oral ranula with a mucosal tunnel. British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 2015; 53: 138-141.
  39. Xing L, Duan Y, Zhu F, Shen M, Jia T, Liu L, Tao J, Chen Y, Gao Z and Zhang H. Computed tomography navigation combined with endoscope guidance for the removal of projectiles in the maxillofacial area: a study of 24 patients, International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, 2015; 44: 322-328.
  40. Bai Z, Liu J, Zhu F, Wang F and Jing B. Optimal design of a crashworthy octagonal thin-walled sandwich tube under oblique loading. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 2015; Vol. 20(4): 401-411.
  41. Bai Z, Guo H, Jiang B, Zhu F and Cao L. A study on the mean crushing strength of hexagonal multi-cell thin-walled structures. Thin Walled Structures, 2014; Vol. 80: 38-45.
  42. Zhu F, Dong L, Ma H, Chou CC and Yang KH. Parameterized optimal design of a novel cellular energy absorber. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences2014; Vol. 86: 60-68.
  43. Li X, Wang Z, Zhu F, Wu G and Zhao L. Response of aluminium corrugated sandwich panels under air blast loadings: Experimental and numerical simulation. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 2014; Vol. 65: pp. 79-88.
  44. Zhu F, Chou CC, Yang KH and King AI. A theoretical analysis of stress wave propagation in the head under primary blast loading. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine, 2014, Vol. 228(5) 439–445.
  45. Jin X, Zhu F, Mao H, Shen M and Yang KH. A comprehensive experimental study on material properties of human brain tissue. Journal of Biomechanics2013; 46: 2795-2801.
  46. Bai Z, Jiang B, Zhu F and Cao L. Optimizing the passenger airbag of an adaptive restraint system for multiple size occupants. Traffic Injury Prevention2014; 15: 556-563.
  47. Mao H, Zhang L, Jiang B, Genthikatti VV, Jin X, Zhu F, Makwana R, Gill A, Jandir G, Singh A and Yang KH. Development of a finite element human head model partially validated with thirty five experimental cases. Journal of Biomedical Engineering2013; Vol. 135: 111002-1 – 111002-15.
  48. Dong L, Zhu F. Jin X, Suresh M, Jiang B, Sevagan G, Cai Y, Li G and Yang KH. Blast effect on the lower extremities and its mitigation: a computational study. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 2013; Vol. 28: 111-124.
  49. Zhao H, Yang G, Zhu F, Jin X, Begeman P, Yin Z, Yang KH and Wang ZG. An investigation on the head injuries of adult pedestrians by passenger cars in China. Traffic Injury Prevention, 2013; Vol. 14: 712-717.
  50. Zhu F, Chou CC, Yang KH and King AI. Some considerations on the threshold and inter-species scaling law for primary blast-induced traumatic brain injury: a semi-analytical approach. Journal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology, 2013; Vol. 13(4): 1350065-1-10.
  51. Sevagan G, Zhu F, Jiang B, Yang KHNumerical simulations of the occupant head response in an infantry vehicle under blunt impact and blast loading conditions. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine, 2013, Vol. 227, Issue 7: 778-787.
  52. Zhu F, Skelton P, Chou CC, Mao H, Yang KH and King AI. Biomedical responses of a pig head under blast loading: a computational simulation. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering, 2013, Vol. 29: 392-407.
  53. Zhu F, Chou CC and Yang KH. On the design and optimization of a multi-functional lightweight vehicular armor plate with functionally graded foams (FGF). International Journal of Vehicle Safety, 2013; Vol. 6, Issue 4: pp. 320-332.
  54. Jiang B, Zhu F, Jin X, Cao L and Yang KH. Computational modeling of the crushing behavior of SKYDEX® material using homogenized material laws. Composite Structures, 2013; Vol. 106: 306-316.
  55. Zhu F, Jiang B, Yang KH, Ruan D, Boczek MS and Tannous R. Crushing behaviour of SKYDEX® material, Key Engineering Materials, 2013, Vol. 535-536: pp. 121-124.
  56. Zhu F, Chou CC, Yang KH, Chen XM, Wagner DA, Bilkhu S and Luo A. Calibrating material parameters to model the thin-walled components made of die cast AM60B magnesium alloy. International Journal of Crashworthiness2012, Vol. 17. No. 5, pp. 540-552.
  57. Zhu F, Chou CC, Yang KH, Chen XM, Wagner DA and Bilkhu S. Application of AM60B magnesium alloy material model to structural component crush analysis. International Journal of Vehicle Safety20126, No. 2, pp. 178-190.
  58. Zhu F, Chou CC, Yang KH and Wang Z. Numerical simulation of a shock tube for bio-dynamic studies. International Journal of Nonlinear Sciences and Numerical simulation, 2012, Vol. 13, pp. 25-29.
  59. Zhu F, Wagner C, Dal Cengio Leonardi A, Jin X, VandeVord P, Chou C, Yang KH, and King AI. Using a gel/plastic surrogate to study the biomechanical response of the head under air shock loading: A combined experimental and numerical investigation. Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology, 2012, Vol. 11, pp. 341-353.
  60. Chou CC, Zhu F, Skelton P, Wagner C and Yang KH. Numerical simulations of tire/soil interaction using geomaterial properties characterized with a new calibration method. International Journal of Vehicle Safety, 2011, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 287-306.
  61. Zhu F, Chou CC and Yang KH. Shock enhancement effect of lightweight composite structures and materials. Composites Part B, 2011, Vol. 42: 1201-1211.
  62. Ruan D, Yahaya MA, Hicks J, Lloyd J and Zhu F. An experimental study on a novel cladding system with aluminium honeycomb core. Advanced Materials Research, 2011, Vols.261-263: pp. 770-774.
  63. Zhu F, Wang Z, Lu G and Nurick GN. Some theoretical considerations on the dynamic response of sandwich structures under impulsive loading. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 2010, Vol. 37, pp. 625-637.
  64. Zhu F, Jin X, Guan F, Zhang L, Mao H, Yang KH and King AI. Identifying the properties of ultra-soft materials using a new methodology of combined specimen-specific finite element model and optimization techniques. Materials & Design, 2010, Vol. 31, pp. 4704-4712.
  65. Zhu F, Mao H, Dal Cengio Leonardi A, Wagner C, Chou C, Jin X, Bir C, VandeVord P, Yang KH and King AI. Development of an FE model of the rat head subjected to air shock loading. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 2010, Vol. 54, pp. 211-225.
  66. Hou W, Zhu F, Lu G and Fang DN. Ballistic impact experiments of sandwich panels with a metallic foam core. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 2010, Vol. 37, pp. 1045-1055.
  67. Zhu F, Lu G, Ruan D and Wang Z. Plastic deformation, failure and energy absorption of sandwich structures with metallic cellular cores. International Journal of Protective Structures, 2010, Vol. 1, Issue 4: 507-541.
  68. Zhu F, Wang Z, Lu G and Zhao LM. Analytical investigation and optimal design of sandwich panels subjected to shock loading. Materials & Design, 2009, Vol. 30, pp. 91-100.
  69. Zhu F, Zhao LM, Lu G and Gad E. A numerical simulation for the response of metallic sandwich panels subjected to impulsive loads. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 2009, Vol. 36: 687-699.
  70. Zhu F, Lu G, Ruan D and Shu D. Tearing of metallic sandwich panels subjected to air shock loading. Structural Engineering & Mechanics, 2009, Vol. 32, Issue 2, pp. 351-370.
  71. Zhu F, Wang Z, Lu G and Ruan D. The impulsive response of aluminium foam core sandwich structures. International Journal of Materials Engineering Innovation, 2009, Vol. 1, Issue 2, pp. 133-153.
  72. Zhu F, Zhao LM, Lu G and Wang Z. Deformation and failure of impulsive loaded metallic sandwich panels – Experimental investigations. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 2008, Vol. 35, pp.937-951.
  73. Zhu F, Zhao LM, Lu G and Wang Z. An experimental and preliminary analytical study of the impulse response of metallic sandwich panels. International Journal of Modern Physics B, 2008, Vol. 22, Issue: 9/11, pp. 1337-1342.
  74. Zhu F, Zhao LM, Lu G and Wang Z. Structural response and energy absorption of sandwich panels with an aluminium foam core under blast loading. Advances in Structural Engineering, 2008, Vol. 11, Issue 5, pp. 525-536.
  75. Zhu F, Lu G and Zou R. On the development of a knowledge-based design support system for energy absorbers. Materials & Design, 2008, Vol. 29: pp. 484-491.
  76. Zhu F and Lu G. A review on blast impact of metallic and sandwich structures. Electronic Journal of Structural Engineering, 2007, Special Issue, pp. 92-101.
  77. Zhu F, Chen KZ and Feng XA. Visualized CAD models of objects with a multiphase perfect material. Advances in Engineering Software, 2006, Vol. 37, pp. 20-31.
  78. Zhu F, Zhao LM and Lu G. Finite element analysis for the compression behaviours of aluminium honeycombs. Transactions of Tianjin University, 2006, Vol. 12, pp. 142-146.
  79. Zhu F, Chen KZ and Feng XA. Development of a CAD modeling system for the components made of multi heterogeneous materials. Materials & Design, 2005, Vol. 26, pp. 113-126.
  80. Song F, Lee KL, Soh AK, Zhu F and Bai YL. Experimental studies of the material properties of the forewing of cicada. Journal of Experimental Biology, 2004, Vol. 207, pp.3045-3042.
  81. Zhu F. Applications and improved schemes of genetic algorithms in structural optimization with discrete variables. World Information on Earthquake Engineering, 2002, Vol. 4, pp. 131-135.



Peer reviewed full-length conference papers

  1. Zhu F, Du X, Lei J, Audisio L, Sypeck D. Numerical modeling of lithium-ion battery cells and modules under abuse loading conditions. SAE Technical Paper 2020-01-0451.
  2. Zhu F, Bulla M, Lei J, Du X, Currier P, Sypeck D. Experimental and Computational Study on the Failure Behavior of Vehicle Battery Modules Subject to Wedge Cutting. In: Proceedings of ASME 2019 Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, November 11-14, 2019, Salt Lake City, UT.
  3. Lei J, Zhu F, Wang Z, Mechanical properties of bovine cortical bone at high strain rate, In: Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Impact Loading of Structures and Materials (ICILSM 2018), May 7-11, 2018, Xi’an, China.
  4. Zhu F, Chen YF, Jiang B. Computational modeling of blast-induced injury of lumbar spine. In: Proceedings of 12th World Congress on Computational Mechanics (WCCM XII) and 6th Asia-Pacific Congress on Computational Mechanics (APCOM VI), July 2016, Seoul, Korea.
  5. Gondaliya R, Sypeck D, Zhu F. Improving Damage Tolerance of Composite Sandwich Structure Subjected to Low Velocity Impact Loading Experimental Analysis. In: Proceedings of 31st American Society for Composites Technical Conference, September 19-22, 2016Williamsburg, Virginia.
  6. Zhu F, Jiang B, Chou CC. On the Development of a New Design Methodology for Vehicle Crashworthiness Based on Data Mining Theory. In: 2016 SAE World Congress, Paper no. 2016-01-1524.
  7. Guan F, Zhang G, Yang Y, Zhu F. Study on material parameter identification of brain tissue considering uncertainty friction coefficient. In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering 250 (1), 012049
  8. Shen M, Mao H, Jiang B, Zhu F, Jin X, Dong L, Ham SJ, Palaniappan P, Chou C, Yang KH. Introduction of two new pediatric finite element models for pedestrian and occupant protections. In: 2016 SAE World Congress, Paper no. 2016-01-1492.
  9. Kalra A, Somasundram K, Shen M, Gupta V, Chou C, Zhu F. Effect of Boot Compliance in Numerical Model of Hybrid III in Vertical Loading. In: 2016 SAE World Congress, Paper no. 2016-01-1525.
  10. Shen M, Zhu F, Jiang B, Sangavi V, Fan H, Cai Y, Wang Z, Jin X, Kalra A, Chou CC and Yang KH. Development and a limited validation of a whole body finite element pedestrian and occupant models of a 10-year-old child. In: The International Research Council on Biomechanics Of Injury Conference (IRCOBI), September, 2015, Lyon, France.
  11. Zhu F, Gatti DL and Yang KH. Building a finite element model of axonal microscopic structures. In: Proceedings of WSU 75th Anniversary Symposium Injury Biomechanics, Prevention, Diagnosis & Treatment, August 14-16, 2014, Detroit, MI, USA.
  12. Zhu F, Chou CC, Yang KH and King AI. Analytical modelling of stress wave response in the head under primary blast loading. In: Proceedings of WSU 75th Anniversary Symposium Injury Biomechanics, Prevention, Diagnosis & Treatment, August 14-16, 2014, Detroit, MI, USA.
  13. Shen M, Zhu F, Suen I, Jin X and Yang KH. Finite element modelling of growth plates ate lower limbs for child pedestrian impact study. In: Proceedings of WSU 75th Anniversary Symposium Injury Biomechanics, Prevention, Diagnosis & Treatment, August 14-16, 2014, Detroit, MI, USA.
  14. Jin X, Begeman PC, Zhu F, Zhao H, Chen C, Tannous RE, Yang KH. Determining human tibia loads under simulated underbelly blast loading. In: Proceedings of International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Impact, September 2014, Berlin, Germany.
  15. Kalra A, Zhu F and Yang KH. Key parameters in the blast modeling using 2D to 3D ALE mapping technique. In: Proceedings of 13th International LS-DYNA Users Conference, June 2014, Detroit, MI, USA.
  16. Kalra A, Zhu F, Chen C and Yang KH. A computational modeling of the biomechanical response of pig head under blast loading. In: Proceedings of 17th U.S. National Congress on Theoretica​l & Applied Mechanics, June, 2014, East Lansing, MI, USA.
  17. Chen C, Jin X, Zhu F and Yang KH. Calibrating the rate dependent shear properties of an artificial brain tissue simulant using a reverse engineering based approach. In: Proceedings of 9th Annual Injury Biomechanics Symposium, May 19-21, 2013, Columbus, OH, USA.
  18. Suresh M, Zhu F, Yang KH and Tannous R. Finite element evaluation of human body response to vertical impulse loading, Proceedings of the 10th World Congress on Computational Mechanics (WCCM 2012), July 2012, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
  19. Mao H, Zhu F, Jin X, Clausen F, Colgan N, Gilchrist M and Yang KH. Biomechanical analysis of fluid percussion model of brain injury. In: Journal of Neurotrauma,2011; 28 (6), A123-A124.
  20. Shen J, Lu G and Zhu F. Recent studies on blast resistance of sandwich structures. Proceedings of 11th 11th International Symposium on Structural Engineering (ISSE11), December 2011, Guangzhou, China.
  21. Zhu F, Mao H, Chou C, Wagner C, Jin X, Dal Cengio Leonardi A, Bir C, VandeVord P, Yang KH, and King AI. Development and validation of a FE model of the rat brain subjected to air shock loading, Annul Conference of Biomedical Engineering Society 2010, Poster Session, October, 2010, Austin, TX, USA.
  22. Zhu F, Wang Z, Lu G, Zhao LM and Nurick GN. Analytical modeling of square sandwich panels subjected to blast loading. Proceedings of the 2008 International Conference on Impact Loading of Lightweight Structures (SIMLAB2008), June, 2008, Trondheim, Norway.
  23. Hou W, Zhu F and Lu G. Ballistic impact of metallic sandwich panels with aluminium foam core. Proceedings of 20th Australasian Conference on the Mechanics of Structures and Materials, December 2008 (ACMSM20), Toowoonba, Queensland, Australia.
  24. Zhu F, Zhao LM and Lu G. An experimental investigation into the impulsive impact response of metallic sandwich panels with a cellular core. Proceedings of ASME Applied Mechanics and Materials Conference 2007 (McMat2007), June, 2007, Austin, USA.
  25. Zhu F, Zhao LM, Lu G and Gad E. Finite element analysis of the square metallic sandwich panels under blast loading. Proceedings of 9th Symposium on Plasticity and Impact Mechanics (IMPLAST’07), August, 2007, Bochum, Germany.
  26. Zhu F, Zhao LM and Lu G. An experimental investigation into the blast impact response of metallic sandwich panels with a cellular core. Proceedings of 6th International Symposium on Impact Engineering (ISIE2007), September, 2007, Daejeon, Korea.
  27. Zhu F, Zhao LM and Lu G. Blast loading of metallic sandwich panels with aluminium foam core. Proceedings of 2nd International Symposium on Ultralight Materials and Structures (Ultralight2007), September, 2007, Beijing, China.
  28. Zhu F, Zhao LM and Lu G. A simulation study of blast impact response of aluminium foam panels. Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Design and Analysis of Protective Structures (DAPS2006), September, 2006, Singapore.
  29. Chen KZ, Zhu F and Feng XA. Generating layered manufacturing information for components made of multiphase perfect materials from their CAD models. Proceedings (CD-ROM) of CAD International Conference and Exhibition 2004 (CAD’04), May, 2004, Pattaya, Thailand.
  30. Zhu F, Chen KZ and Feng XA. Converting CAD models to manufacturing models for the components made of a multiphase perfect material. Proceedings of 15th Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium (SFF15), August, 2004, Austin, USA, pp. 532-543.
  31. Zhu F, Chen KZ, Feng XA and Wang F. Study on CAD modelling for objects with a multiphase perfect material. Proceedings of International Conference on Manufacturing Automation 2004 (ICMA04), October, 2004, Wuhan, China, pp. 133-141.
  32. Zhu F and Chen KZ. A CAD modeling system for the components made of multi heterogeneous materials. Proceedings of 9th IEEE International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation, Lisbon, Portugal, September, 2003, pp. 559-565.
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